How is the patent period protected? 'Preservation'? Decoding Chinese Patent Award | 'Guangdong Phenomenon'

Our reporter Li Zhen Shenzhen, Foshan reported

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Behind the China Patent Award 'Guangdong Phenomenon' is a direct reflection of the improvement of Guangdong's intellectual property system. However, it cannot be overlooked that there is much room for improvement in patent work in Guangdong's east, west and north regions.

As the highest government award in the field of intellectual property in China, the China Patent Award was once known as the 'Oscar' of the patent community, and Guangdong patent was once described as the 'Guangdong phenomenon' because of its number three ranking.

According to statistics, from the 8th to the 19th China Patent Awards, Guangdong, a major province of patents, has received 56 Chinese patents and 770 Chinese patent outstanding awards. 21st Century Business Herald reporters on Guangdong patents for 2013-2017 After combing the prize list, it was found that Guangdong won 29 Chinese Patent and Design Gold Awards in five years, accounting for about 25% of the national total.

Behind the China Patent Award 'Guangdong Phenomenon' is a direct reflection of the improvement of Guangdong’s IP system. However, it cannot be overlooked that the current cities of the Guangdong Gold Award are concentrated in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Foshan and Zhuhai, and other PRD cities and cities. There is a lot of room for improvement in patent work.

'To a certain extent, the Patent Gold Award also reflects the direction of local science and technology policy guidance and the development trend of technological innovation technology. ' Guangdong Province, South China Intellectual Property Culture Promotion Chairman, Guangdong Province, Knowledge Economy Development Promotion Association Gu Qizhi analyzed the 21st Century Business Herald reporter. From the perspective of trends, the future includes communications, electronics, and biomedicine, which will become the most strategically emerging industries in Guangdong with invention patents.

Shenzhen 'solely'

According to the 2013-2017 China Patent and Appearance Design Gold Award, Guangdong won 5 gold awards in 2013 in 25 awards (including 20 patent gold awards and 5 external design gold awards), and remained 6 long afterwards. Gold Award.

'The number of gold medals won by Guangdong ranks among the top in the country is a true reflection of the overall strength of patents, which is in line with the status of Guangdong as a national intellectual property province. ' Gu Qizhi is an evaluation.

For a long time, Guangdong's intellectual property rights have been regarded as typical by the whole country. The amount of effective invention patents in Guangdong ranks first in the country for 8 consecutive years, and the number of invention patents per 10,000 population exceeds 18.96, far exceeding the national 2020 development target, and the comprehensive development index of intellectual property rights. And use, protection index ranks first in the country.

However, Gu Qizhi also discovered that in the face of remarkable achievements, there is also an unbalanced development in Guangdong. Guangdong's patents for gold awards for the past five years are mostly concentrated in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Foshan and Zhuhai and other Pearl River Delta cities, Guangdong, the east, west and north regions in the past five years. Received only one gold patent.

He believes that the above imbalances truly reflect the level of scientific and technological innovation in various parts of Guangdong. The development of urban industries in the Pearl River Delta is earlier than that in the east, west, and north of Guangdong. Some industries and enterprises have taken the lead in completing the transformation and upgrading, and they have advantages in technological innovation.

The 21st Century Business Herald reporter also observed that of the 29 Gold Awards won in Guangdong in the past five years, Shenzhen has occupied 21, which was referred to by the interviewed experts as 'solely big'.

Ge Suhua, a senior partner of Beijing Yingke (Shenzhen) Law Firm, said that Shenzhen is a city with strong innovation ability, strong innovation culture and atmosphere, and has gathered a large number of leading technology companies and innovative talents.

'Shenzhen's reform and opening up was the earliest. Many companies need to compete with other international big companies in the process of forming an international company. They need to improve their market competitiveness through continuous improvement of their own technological R&D capabilities. Therefore, a culture that values ​​intellectual property is formed.' she says.

Huawei, ZTE, and Tencent, as representatives of Shenzhen International Corporation, are just the big winners of the Guangdong Patent Gold Award. Among them, Huawei won 4 awards in 5 years, ZTE and Tencent 3 times.

Race against time

The tendency of Gu Qizhi's judgment many years ago has 'surfaced'.

From the perspective of gold award-winning enterprises, strategic emerging enterprises are gradually replacing traditional manufacturing enterprises in Guangdong and becoming the winners of the patent gold award. 'Communications, electronics, and biomedicine are the most strategically emerging industries in Guangdong with a large number of invention patents. Most come from these fields. ' He said.

In the list of patent winners, Huawei in the communications industry, ZTE, DJI in the UAV industry, BYD in the new energy automotive industry, and MEIRAN in the biopharmaceutical industry, Microchip in the list for 5 years, home appliances, toys, etc. Traditional manufacturing companies gradually disappeared on the list.

Gu Qizhi told the 21st Century Business Herald reporter that the original intention of the China Patent Award was to encourage Chinese enterprises to promote social progress through technological innovation and design innovation. To a certain extent, the Patent Gold Award also reflected the direction of local science and technology policy guidance. And the development trend of technological innovation and technology.

The “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Strategic Emerging Industries in Guangdong Province” proposes that Guangdong should focus on the development of a new generation of information technology, biotechnology, high-end equipment and new materials industries, green low-carbon industries, digital creative industries and other industries.

However, in a visit to the 21st Century Business Herald reporter, it was discovered that even the strategic emerging enterprises that the government strongly supports have encountered 'trouble'.

Founded in 2001, Shenzhen Microchip Biotechnology Co., Ltd. (hereafter referred to as 'Microcore Bio') was founded by a team of experienced returning Americans. The company's invented Cedaramine is the world's first subtype selective histone. Acetylase Oral Inhibitor is China's first independent research and development chemical original innovation drug, the 19th China Patent Gold Award.

According to Dr. Zhiqiang Ning, executive vice president of Microchip Biotechnology, the development of new drugs has the characteristics of long cycle, high investment and high risk. Therefore, the protection of new drug patents will directly affect the company's life and death.

Yang Yihua, director of the microbiology legal affairs assistant, admitted to the 21st Century Business Herald reporter that the current invention patent protection period is 20 years. However, Cedaramine is a compound patent applied for in 2003 and was not approved for listing until the end of 2014. Patent protection The actual sales period is less than 8 years. Compared with other industries such as communications and electronics, the actual patent protection period is very short.

'If we can follow the practice of the pharmaceutical industry and refer to the practices of market-regulated countries and implement the drug patent compensation period as soon as possible, we will greatly increase the R&D initiative of innovative drug companies.' He said.

Tencent, who is in the Internet industry, experienced a deeper experience. Although its 'graphical user interface for mobile phones' (mobile phone red envelope) was designed to win the 19th China Design Gold Award, it still has to race against time behind the awards.

Xu Yan, general manager of Tencent’s Intellectual Property Department, told a 21st Century Business Herald reporter that the Internet industry has the characteristics of rapid technological development, frequent update iterations, and short product life cycle. However, the current patent authorization cycle is generally more than three years, or even longer.

In fact, the patent protection system has changed. In the early years, utility models and designs once played a leading role in the number of patent applications in Guangdong Province. From Foshan, Zhongshan's home appliances and Shantou toys have formed a considerable industry.

Chenghai toy industry ranks first in the country, with an annual output value of over 40 billion yuan. However, the “keeping period” of toy products is generally only half a year. To solve the short period of time, the market life cycle of toy products is relatively short and the patent application period is relatively long. Contradictions: The State Intellectual Property Office set up a rapid-dimensional center in Shantou to simplify the examination process. Enterprises apply for patents through the Quick Dimension Center, and the authorization time is more than 10 times faster than normal channels. The time for obtaining a patent certificate is 4 to 5 times faster than that of ordinary applications.

At present, Guangdong Province has established seven national intellectual property rights rights protection centers for lighting, home appliances, furniture, leather goods, hardware, scissors, toys, and tableware.

Looking at the trend, strategic emerging industries such as telecommunications, electronics, and biomedicine will surely usher in an adaptive intellectual property policy. ' Gu Qizhi firmly believes that 'this day may not be too far away.'